With a large database of clinical research (more than 250 peer reviewed and 145 independent studies to date), ImPACT is regularly being tested and validated by both independent researchers and ImPACT's clinical research team. Through this research, ImPACT continuously tests and improves its concussion management products.
When ImPACT is administered and interpreted by trained clinicians or researchers, it is a highly reliable and valid tool, as has been demonstrated by third-party research. All of ImPACT's products undergo rigorous scientific review to integrate the latest knowledge and enhance test reliability. ImPACT Research Reports offer summaries of new research about the ImPACT Test and/or other ImPACT products or training.
Featured Research Report
Authors Meghan E. LaFevor, MS., ATC., Abigail C. Bretzin, MS., ATC., Jennifer L. Savage, MS., LAT., ATC., Kyle M. Petit, MS., ATC., Tracey Covassin Ph.D., ATC., FNATA
Approximately 1.8 to 3.6 million sports-related concussions occur each year in the United States. Covassin et. al explores the research that suggests athletes with a history of concussion are at a greater risk for a subsequent concussion.
Reliability & Sensitivity
Extensive third party research has documented the high levels of reliability and precision when ImPACT is administered and interpreted by properly trained clinicians. In fact, while no test is 100% reliable, the ImPACT Test is equal to, or even more reliable than many common medical tests (e.g., blood pressure, EEG, cholesterol). Learn more.
A brief vestibular/ocular motor screening (VOMS) assessment to evaluate concussions: preliminary findings.
Mucha A, Collins MW, Elbin RJ, Furman JM, Troutman-Enseki C, DeWolf RM, Marchetti G, Kontos AP. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Aug 8.
Computerized neurocognitive testing within 1 week of sport-related concussion: meta-analytic review and analysis of moderating factors.
Kontos AP, Braithwaite R, Dakan S, Elbin RJ. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2014 Mar;20(3):324-32.
Examination of the test-retest reliability of a computerized neurocognitive test battery.
Nakayama Y, Covassin T, Schatz P, Nogle S, Kovan J. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jun 6;42(8):2000-2005.